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Resources and Referrals - Sleep

Resources and Referrals


Berry RB. Fundamentals of sleep medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.

Dement WC. The promise of sleep: a pioneer in sleep medicine explores the vital connection between health, happiness, and a good night’s sleep. New York, NY: Delacorte Press; 1999.

Kryger MH. Atlas of clinical sleep medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2014.

Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC. Principles and practice of sleep medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2010.

Devices and Wearables

Apple Watch

Bellabeat LEAF


Fitbit activity trackers

Garmin activity trackers

InBody Band

Jawbone Up activity trackers

Microsoft Band

Misfit activity trackers

Withings activity trackers

Withings AURA



Behavioral Sleep Medicine

Journal of Biological Rhythms

Journal of Pineal Research

Journal of Sleep Research


Sleep and Breathing

Sleep Medicine

Sleep Medicine Reviews

Journal Citations

Ancoli-Israel S, Cole R, Alessi C, Chambers M, Moorcroft W, Pollak CP. The role of actigraphy in the study of sleep and circadian rhythms. Sleep. 2003;26(3):342-392.

Axelsson J, Ingre M, Akerstedt T, Holmbäck U. Effects of acutely displaced sleep on testosterone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005;90(8):4530-4535. doi:10.1210/jc.2005-0520.

Bannai M, Kawai N. New therapeutic strategy for amino acid medicine: glycine improves the quality of sleep. J Pharmacol Sci. 2012;118(2):145-148.

Besedovsky L, Lange T, Born J. Sleep and immune function. Pflügers Arch Eur J Physiol. 2012;463(1):121-137. doi:10.1007/s00424-011-1044-0.

Black DS, O’Reilly GA, Olmstead R, Breen EC, Irwin MR. Mindfulness meditation and improvement in sleep quality and daytime impairment among older adults with sleep disturbances. JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(4):494. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.8081.

Britton WB, Haynes PL, Fridel KW, Bootzin RR. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy improves polysomnographic and subjective sleep profiles in antidepressant users with sleep complaints. Psychother Psychosom. 2012;81(5):296304. doi:000332755.

Cappuccio FP, D’Elia L, Strazzullo P, Miller MA. Sleep duration and all-cause mortality: a systematic review and metaanalysis of prospective studies. Sleep. 2010;33(5):585-592.

Carskadon MA, Dement WC, Mitler MM, Roth T, Westbrook PR, Keenan S. Guidelines for the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT): a standard measure of sleepiness. Sleep. 1986;9(4):519-524.

Cirelli C, Tononi G. Is sleep essential? PLoS Biol. 2008;6(8):e216. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060216.

Clinton JM, Davis CJ, Zielinski MR, Jewett KA, Krueger JM. Biochemical regulation of sleep and sleep biomarkers. J Clin Sleep Med. 2011;7(5 Suppl):S38-S42. doi:10.5664/JCSM.1360.

Dagan Y, Eisenstein M. Circadian rhythm sleep disorders: toward a more precise definition and diagnosis. Chronobiol Int. 1999;16(2):213-222.

Dhand R, et al. Good sleep, bad sleep! The role of daytime naps in healthy adults. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2006;12:379. Espie CA, Kyle SD, Williams C, et al. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of online cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic insomnia disorder delivered via an automated media-rich web application. Sleep. 2012;35(6):769-781. doi:10.5665/sleep.1872.

Garland SN, Carlson LE, Stephens AJ, Antle MC, Samuels C, Campbell TS. Mindfulness-based stress reduction compared with cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of insomnia comorbid with cancer: a randomized, partially blinded, noninferiority trial. J Clin Oncol. 2014;32(5):449-457. doi:10.1200/JCO.2012.47.7265.

Goldman SE, et al. Association between nighttime sleep and napping in older adults. Sleep. 2008;31(5):733-740. Gross CR, Kreitzer MJ, Reilly-Spong M, et al. Mindfulness-based stress reduction versus pharmacotherapy for chronic primary insomnia: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Explore (NY). 7(2):76-87. doi:10.1016/j. explore.2010.12.003. Hoque R, Chesson AL. Pharmacologically induced/exacerbated restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movements of sleep, and REM behavior disorder/REM sleep without atonia: literature review, qualitative scoring, and comparative analysis. J Clin Sleep Med. 2010;6(1):79-83.

Joffe H, Massler A, Sharkey KM. Evaluation and management of sleep disturbance during the menopause transition. Semin Reprod Med. 2010;28(5):404-421. doi:10.1055/s-0030-1262900.

Korcarz CE, Peppard PE, Young TB, et al. Effects of obstructive sleep apnea and obesity on cardiac remodeling: the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study. Sleep. April 2016.

Kumar VM, Gulia KK. Sleep medicine in ayurveda. Sleep Med Rev. 2016;25:131. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2015.02.006. Maness DL, Khan M. Nonpharmacologic management of chronic insomnia. Am Fam Physician. 2015;92(12): 1058-1064.

Mathias JL, Alvaro PK. Prevalence of sleep disturbances, disorders, and problems following traumatic brain injury: a meta-analysis. Sleep Med. 2012;13(7):898-905. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2012.04.006.

Maurer L, Zitting K-M, Elliott K, Czeisler CA, Ronda JM, Duffy JF. A new face of sleep: the impact of post-learning sleep on recognition memory for face-name associations. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2015;126:31-38. doi:10.1016/j. nlm.2015.10.012.

Milner CE, Cote KA. Benefits of napping in healthy adults: impact of nap length, time of day, age, and experience with napping. J Sleep Res. 2009;18: 272–281. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2869.2008.00718.x

Morgenthaler T, Kramer M, Alessi C, et al. Practice parameters for the psychological and behavioral treatment of insomnia: an update. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine report. Sleep. 2006;29(11):1415-1419.

Mullington JM, Hinze-Selch D, Pollmächer T. Mediators of inflammation and their interaction with sleep: relevance for chronic fatigue syndrome and related conditions. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2001;933:201-210.

Nofzinger EA, Buysse DJ, Germain A, Price JC, Miewald JM, Kupfer DJ. Functional neuroimaging evidence for hyperarousal in insomnia. Am J Psychiatry. 2004;161(11):2126-2128. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.161.11.2126.

Ong J, Sholtes D. A mindfulness-based approach to the treatment of insomnia. J Clin Psychol. 2010;66(11):1175-1184. doi:10.1002/jclp.20736.

Ong JC, Manber R, Segal Z, Xia Y, Shapiro S, Wyatt JK. A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation for chronic insomnia. Sleep. 2014;37(9):1553-1563. doi:10.5665/sleep.4010.

Pandi-Perumal SR, Trakht I, Spence DW, Srinivasan V, Dagan Y, Cardinali DP. The roles of melatonin and light in the pathophysiology and treatment of circadian rhythm sleep disorders. Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2008;4(8):436-447. doi:10.1038/ncpneuro0847.

Penev PD. Association between sleep and morning testosterone levels in older men. Sleep. 2007;30(4):427-432. http:// Accessed April 24, 2016.

Reid KJ, Santostasi G, Baron KG, Wilson J, Kang J, Zee PC. Timing and intensity of light correlate with body weight in adults. PLoS One. 2014;9(4):e92251. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0092251.

Rethorst CD, Greer TL, Toups MSP, Bernstein I, Carmody TJ, Trivedi MH. IL-1 and BDNF are associated with improvement in hypersomnia but not insomnia following exercise in major depressive disorder. Transl Psychiatry. 2015;5:e611. doi:10.1038/tp.2015.104.

Schaefer EW, Williams M V, Zee PC. Sleep and circadian misalignment for the hospitalist: a review. J Hosp Med. 7(6):489-496. doi:10.1002/jhm.1903.

Schlosser Covell GE, Dhawan PS, Lee Iannotti JK, et al. Disrupted daytime activity and altered sleep-wake patterns may predict transition to mild cognitive impairment or dementia: a critically appraised topic. Neurologist. 2012;18(6):426429. doi:10.1097/NRL.0b013e318272f7ef.

Schutte-Rodin S, Broch L, Buysse D, Dorsey C, Sateia M. Clinical guideline for the evaluation and management of chronic insomnia in adults. J Clin Sleep Med. 2008;4(5):487-504.

Shimazaki M, Martin JL. Do herbal agents have a place in the treatment of sleep problems in long-term care? J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2007;8(4):248-252. doi:10.1016/j.jamda.2006.11.001.

Späth-Schwalbe E, Gofferje M, Kern W, Born J, Fehm HL. Sleep disruption alters nocturnal ACTH and cortisol secretory patterns. Biol Psychiatry. 1991;29(6):575-584.

Spielman AJ, Caruso LS, Glovinsky PB. A behavioral perspective on insomnia treatment. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 1987;10(4):541-553.

St-Onge MP, Roberts A, Shechter A, Choudhury AR. Fiber and saturated fat are associated with sleep arousals and slow wave sleep. J Clin Sleep Med. 2016;12(1):19–24.

Taheri S, Lin L, Austin D, Young T, Mignot E. Short sleep duration is associated with reduced leptin, elevated ghrelin, and increased body mass index. PLoS Med. 2004;1(3):e62. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0010062.

Tsai HJ, Kuo TBJ, Lee G-S, Yang CCH. Efficacy of paced breathing for insomnia: enhances vagal activity and improves sleep quality. Psychophysiology. 2015;52(3):388-396. doi:10.1111/psyp.12333.

Vgontzas AN, Bixler EO, Lin H-M, Prolo P, Trakada G, Chrousos GP. IL-6 and its circadian secretion in humans. Neuroimmunomodulation. 2005;12(3):131-140. doi:10.1159/000084844.

Wang F, Eun-Kyoung Lee O, Feng F, et al. The effect of meditative movement on sleep quality: A systematic review. Sleep Med Rev. 2015;30:43-52. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2015.12.001.

Westerterp-Plantenga MS. Sleep, circadian rhythm and body weight: parallel developments. Proc Nutr Soc. April 2016:1-9. doi:10.1017/S0029665116000227.

Wong PM, Manuck SB, DiNardo MM, Korytkowski M, Muldoon MF. Shorter sleep duration is associated with decreased insulin sensitivity in healthy white men. Sleep. 2015;38(2):223-231. doi:10.5665/sleep.4402.

Xie L, Kang H, Xu Q, et al. Sleep drives metabolite clearance from the adult brain. Science. 2013;342(6156):373-377. doi:10.1126/science.1241224.

Zachariae R, Lyby MS, Ritterband L, O’Toole MS. Efficacy of Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia – a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Sleep Med Rev. 2015;30:1-10. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2015.10.004.

Smartphone and Tablet Applications

Calm (Android, iOS)

CBT-i Coach (Android, iOS)

Pzizz (Android, iOS)

Sleep++ (iOS)

Sleepio (iOS)

Sleepstream (iOS)

SnoreLab (Android, iOS)

U-Sleep (Android, iOS)


Center for Disease Control and Prevention

Sleep Hygiene Tip

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

What Are Sleep Deprivation and Deficiency?

Your Guide to Healthy Sleep

National Sleep Foundation




Sleep Insufficiency: Definition, Consequences, and Management

© 2016 The Institute for Functional Medicine